Data Hub


I July, 2016

The total primary energy supply (TPES) refers to the sum of all energy resources world-wide, like coal, oil, gas, nuclear, and hydro. These resources are converted into gasoline, natural gas, electricity, and many other energy carriers. Even though the share of oil in the total primary energy supply is decreasing overall, it still remains a significant source of energy for the European countries.

Norway has the highest share of oil supply (44 per cent) in terms of the total primary energy supply (TPES) of European countries, closely followed by Spain (41 per cent), Netherlands (39.4 per cent) and Denmark (38 per cent).

Natural gas consumption is growing in Europe, with the United Kingdom leading the consumption of natural gas in terms of total primary energy supply (42 per cent). The Netherlands (41.7 per cent), Italy (37 per cent) and Germany (23 per cent) also have a high consumption of natural gas.

Notwithstanding the growing push towards renewable energy, consumption of coal in the European countries is still high, with its major use being for electricity generation.

Overall, the European Union countries are majorly reliant on oil as its source of energy. Oil constitutes about 32 per cent of its total 1643 Million Tonnes of Oil Equivalent (Mtoe). It is followed by natural gas which constitutes about 23.9 per cent, coal which constitutes 17.5 per cent and nuclear which is a measly 0.9 per cent of the total Mtoe. The share of renewable sources of energy is also limited at 12.1 per cent.

Among EU nations, Norway has the highest share of renewable energy sources (39.2 per cent), although Germany far outstrips the Scandinavian nation when it comes to the actual usage and number of renewable sources of energy. This is because Germany’s share of renewable energy is 11.9 per cent of 312.4 Mtoe as compared to Norway’s 39.2 per cent of a far lesser 32.9 Mtoe. Therefore, Germany is the de-facto leader when it comes to using renewable energy sources in the EU countries.

Asian giant China, which has a massive 3009 Mtoe, is mostly dependant on oil, which has a 16.2 per cent share in the Mtoe while the share of natural gas and nuclear is merely 4.7 and 0.9 per cent. The share of renewables is also limited to just 11 per cent.


The United States (second only to China with its 2187 Mtoe) also has the highest reliance on oil (38 per cent), followed by natural gas (28 per cent), coal (20 per cent) and nuclear (10 per cent). The share of renewable energy sources is limited to 6.4 per cent.


Asia Energy Security & Climate Change

Building Network and Collaboration