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ASIA’S PRIMARY ENERGY SOURCES


Dec 1, 2016

Asian giants China and India still obtain more than half of their primary energy from coal. By contrast, Singapore has an energy mix with almost no coal, but also a much lower proportion of renewable. To meet emission reduction goals, across all markets carbon-intensive sources of energy must decrease and renewables must grow.

While China derives over 60% of its energy from coal, India derives a little less than 60%. Indonesia also gets more than 40% of its total primary energy from coal.

The energy landscape is quite different for the various countries in the region. Each bar shows the proportion of energy from three buckets: coal; oil, gas, and nuclear; and renewables.

As for the renewable energy sources, hydro power dominates the renewable energy mix with a 75% share of electricity consumption across the markets compared to 13% for wind, 5% for solar and 7% for geothermal, biomass and others.

There are significant differences in the mix of renewable power across countries. Malaysia has the highest share of hydropower in renewables in electricity generation. But China and India also have 80 and 65% share of hydropower in renewables respectively. In contrast, Australia and India have the highest proportions of wind.

For solar, South Korea has the highest share (with 38%), followed by Japan (19%), and Thailand (17%). Singapore, by far, has the highest share of geothermal resources in renewable in electricity generation (89%) while the respective numbers in Thailand and Philippines are 52% and 51%.

China has predominantly hydro, followed by wind. The country consumed 3015 Mtoe of energy in 2015 and renewable accounted for 10% of the country’s total energy consumption.

The share of renewables in the total energy consumption in India and Japan is 6 and 8% respectively, while in Singapore around 13%, in Philippines only 4%, in Indonesia 3% and in Thailand 2%.

China and USA together also account for 40% of the world’s energy consumption. China consumes 3,014 Mtoe while the US consumes 2285 Mtoe, as compared to the total worldwide consumption of 13,147 Mtoe.

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